Forensic Dentistry is teeth examination in cases where other forensic options are limited by the situation status, particularly when there are no other possible forensic examination options to identify the victim or in cases where the perceived attacker leaves bite marks on the victim. The police use forensic dentistry to support or prove legal cases where identification of the victim is determined using their teeth or where the attacker is identified based on teeth marks on a human being.
Using Dentistry As Evidence
Using extremely specialized systems a measurable dental specialist can give very exact results about the victim’s age, at what point he or she died and take DNA tests from the teeth for use in identifying who the victim is. In normal circumstances, teeth are one of the few things remaining when a body breaks down they are valuable for extrapolating DNA tests alongside bone hair and marrow. Scientific dentistry can also be utilized to distinguish between natural teeth bites and synthetic teeth bites as the marks vary from one person to the other.
Human bite marks, similar to fingerprints, are extraordinarily unique and a scientific dental specialist will have the capacity to make a cast or take photos of the bite marks and later analyze the tests and be able to give results that can be compared with other collected or stored results for legal purposes. Human bite marks are always curved or emblemed in arrangement and will show the particular arrangement of the teeth that were used to bite the victim. A U-shaped teeth mark with a space left in between will be as a result of the attacker opening their mouth wide enough for an arm or wrist. The bite mark can be analyzed to determine the intended harm on the victim. The teeth mark depth also plays a big role in determining the amount of force used to inflict the bite.
Poor maintenance of teeth also plays a part in identifying the human bite marks. Missing teeth, breaks or distorted teeth all bear their own unique attributes and all these can be identified with bite mark inspections.
So is the situation of the incisors inside the biter’s mouth and regardless of whether these incisors – which show up as triangular formed injuries or impressions on the skin of the individual who has been bitten – are in great position.
It is conceivable that – applying sufficient power in the jaw of the attacker – that the skin can be infiltrated and notwithstanding leaving wounds they can leave cuts which, when extracted contain saliva, which can be utilized as to make identification through DNA testing.
Areas off of a victim should also be analyzed. A forensic dentist will be able to extract bite marks from a partially eaten piece of fruit. Other information can be obtained from a chewed up pencil or toothpick. A forensic dentist can extract saliva from a glass that is drank from or food that is left partially eaten.
Forensic dentistry incorporates legal collaboration and in most cases to use the data in legal proceedings against the user, be it a victim or the attacker must give consent for their samples to be taken and used. There are other necessary requirements for forensic dentistry to be used in determining legal outcomes some of which include qualification and certifications of the firm contracted or the person conducting the test.
In most cases, the government performs these tasks but there are isolated cases where private practices are authorized to perform the procedures. This highly depends on the magnitude of the case and also the state in which the crime took place.
In cases where forensic dentistry is required to solve a simple non-criminal case, the government might opt to outsource the task to private forensic dentists with the intention of saving on time and resources required for the processes.